Opel Vectra B

since 1995 of release

Repair and car operation

Vektr B. Opel
+ 1.1. Governing bodies and control devices
+ 2. Maintenance
+ 3. Engines
+ 4. Heating, ventilation
+ 5. Fuel system
+ 6. Systems of start, ignition
+ 7. Transmission
+ 8. Brake system
+ 9. Running gear
- 10. Body
   10.1. Introduction
   10.2. Care of a body
   10.3. Care of an upholstery and rugs
   10.4. Repair of insignificant damages of a body
   10.5. Repair of strong damages of a body
   10.6. Front bumper
   10.7. Rear bumper
   10.8. Front grille
   10.9. Cowl
   10.10. Cowl racks
   10.11. Cable of the lock of a cowl
   10.12. Doors
   + 10.13. Door upholstery
   10.14. Internal handle of a door
   10.15. External handle of opening of a forward door
   10.16. External handle of opening of a back door
   10.17. Lock of a forward door
   10.18. Lock of a back door
   10.19. Door window regulator
   10.20. Door glass
   10.21. Trunk lid
   10.22. Trunk lid lock
   10.23. Cylinder of the lock of a trunk lid
   + 10.24. Back door
   10.25. Racks of a back door
   10.26. Lock of a back door
   10.27. Cylinder of the lock of a back door
   + 10.28. System of the central blocking
   + 10.29. Electric window regulators
   + 10.30. External rear-view mirrors
   10.31. Forward seat
   10.32. Pillow of a back seat
   10.33. Back of a back seat
   10.34. Seat belt of a forward seat
   10.35. Lock of a forward seat belt and tension mechanism
   10.36. Seat belt of a back seat and drum
   10.37. Central console
   10.38. Dashboard
+ 11. Electric equipment
+ 12. Main malfunctions

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10.4. Repair of insignificant damages of a body


Processing of scratches of a body

If scratch is superficial and does not reach some metal, wipe area round scratch an obnovitel of paint or fine-grained abrasive paste. Wash out a surface pure water. Put on scratch with a brush a thin paint coat and give the chance to it to dry. Continue to put paint until scratch will not be made even to a surrounding surface. Give the chance to paint to harden within 2 weeks, then polish the put paint coat to level with paint surrounding a spot. In summary polish a site of a surface of a body by means of wax paste.

If scratch, having damaged paint, got into body metal, that, using a tip of a sharp knife, remove a rust from scratch. Put the rust converter according to its instruction. Further with a shpatel put on scratch shpaklevochny paste. After its complete drying paint over and polish the damaged site.

Repair of dents in a body design

At deep cave-in of elements of a design of a body first of all try to curve a dent back before the maximum approach to a normal form of a body. Body metal in a place of blow is exposed to a pulling therefore the complete recovery of an initial form is impossible. Optimum it is considered dent alignment approximately on 3 mm below level of a surrounding surface. If there is an access to dent inside, follows accurately выстучать its soft hammer with a wooden or plastic head. During this operation it is necessary to press densely to outer side of tapped area the corresponding wooden whetstone. It is required for amortization of blows of a hammer and for prevention of a flexure of more extensive area. If the dent is in that area of a body where access from a reverse side is complicated or impossible, in the deepest points of a dent drill some small openings, in openings screw up self-cutting screws and extend a dent by means of flat-nose pliers for acting heads of screws.

Remove paint from the damaged area and at distance of 20 mm round it. Most easily it can be executed, using a wire brush or an emery paper got on a circle, fixed in an electrodrill. After alignment of a dent put on it a layer of a shpaklevka, paint and a polyrole.

Repair of the rusted openings or holes in a body design

Remove paint from the damaged area and approximately on 20 mm round it. Using a metal brush, clear a being showered rust from a surface of the bared metal on the damaged area. Process the damaged area the rust converter according to its instruction. Close an opening from a rust or a hole a metal grid or a strip of an aluminum foil. Cut out approximately corresponding to an opening form a piece of a grid, enclose it in an opening so that its edges did not act over level of the panel surrounding an opening. Fix it by means of several lumps of shpaklevochny paste on perimeter. Using the screw-driver handle, level the grid ends so that it densely adjoined to body metal. Further make a shpatlevka, painting and polishing of the damaged site of a body.

Shpatlevka and body painting

At performance of shpaklevochny works it is necessary to have a wide flexible plastic or nylon shpatel for giving of a surface of a shpaklevka of smoothness. Shpaklevka alignment on the damaged site of a body make so that to form it demanded and smoothness. As soon as it was possible to achieve approximately demanded contour, stop to smooth down a shpaklevka a shpatel since at too long smoothing down it will start to harden, stick on a shpatel and to roll down, therefore the surface will be damaged. Drawing of the subsequent, thinner layer of a shpaklevka should be made after drying of the previous layer and so until level of a shpaklevka will not start to act slightly over level of a processed site. After shpaklevka hardening it is necessary to remove its surplus with a metal scraper or a file. Further processing make, using an emery paper set. Begin processing with use of a coarse-grained emery paper and in the subsequent pass to the fine-grained. An emery paper have on wooden flat whetstone, differently it is impossible to achieve an equal surface. At a finishing stage of polishing it is necessary to moisten a waterproof emery paper with water periodically. It gives to the processed puttied surface special smoothness. The puttied dent should appear surrounded on perimeter a layer of pure metal. For removal from the processed site of a dust and fats wash out a processed site water and wipe fat-free solution. Raise dust on a site a thin layer of light soil. It will help to reveal all defects allowed at processing in a shpaklevka. The found defects level by means of a new layer of a shpaklevka and again зашкурьте a surface. Continue this procedure before receiving an ideal surface.

After that the area of repair is ready to final painting. Aerosol drawing of paint should be carried out in the warm, dry, windless and easy atmosphere. At carrying out painting indoors it is necessary to moisten a floor of a working platform with water for hit prevention in dust air. When coloring of only one panel, other parts of a body should be covered from paint hit on them with the newspaper attached by a sticky tape. Before first coat drawing взболтайте capacity with it, put a first coat on a trial surface and achieve that it laid down evenly. Put a thick layer of a first coat with a way of drawing of several thin layers. Polish the grounded surface a waterproof emery paper. Thus do not forget сбрызгивать ground area water and periodically to moisten in water an emery paper. Before further coloring dry up a processed site. Drawing of a paint coat is made by a spray. The thickness of a paint coat is reached by drawing of several thin layers. Coloring is necessary for beginning from the center of painted area and to move to edges back and forth motions until all painted surface, and also about 20 mm round it will not be painted. A protective film and newspapers remove 10–15 minutes later after drawing of the last paint coat. Give the chance to fresh paint to harden in a current of at least 2 weeks, then by means of an obnovitel of paint or thin abrasive polishing paste level edges of the painted area to level of old paint. Polish a surface.