Opel Vectra B

since 1995 of release

Repair and car operation



Vektr B. Opel
+ 1.1. Governing bodies and control devices
+ 2. Maintenance
+ 3. Engines
+ 4. Heating, ventilation
+ 5. Fuel system
+ 6. Systems of start, ignition
+ 7. Transmission
+ 8. Brake system
+ 9. Running gear
- 10. Body
   10.1. Introduction
   10.2. Care of a body
   10.3. Care of an upholstery and rugs
   10.4. Repair of insignificant damages of a body
   10.5. Repair of strong damages of a body
   10.6. Front bumper
   10.7. Rear bumper
   10.8. Front grille
   10.9. Cowl
   10.10. Cowl racks
   10.11. Cable of the lock of a cowl
   10.12. Doors
   + 10.13. Door upholstery
   10.14. Internal handle of a door
   10.15. External handle of opening of a forward door
   10.16. External handle of opening of a back door
   10.17. Lock of a forward door
   10.18. Lock of a back door
   10.19. Door window regulator
   10.20. Door glass
   10.21. Trunk lid
   10.22. Trunk lid lock
   10.23. Cylinder of the lock of a trunk lid
   + 10.24. Back door
   10.25. Racks of a back door
   10.26. Lock of a back door
   10.27. Cylinder of the lock of a back door
   + 10.28. System of the central blocking
   + 10.29. Electric window regulators
   + 10.30. External rear-view mirrors
   10.31. Forward seat
   10.32. Pillow of a back seat
   10.33. Back of a back seat
   10.34. Seat belt of a forward seat
   10.35. Lock of a forward seat belt and tension mechanism
   10.36. Seat belt of a back seat and drum
   10.37. Central console
   10.38. Dashboard
+ 11. Electric equipment
+ 12. Main malfunctions





10.2. Care of a body

GENERAL INFORMATION

Check of a condition of a body should be made regularly. Otherwise corrosion of separate sites of a body can lead to its strong damage and further expensive repair. It is also important to pay attention to parts of the car inaccessible to an external look, for example, to the bottom, arches of wheels and the lower part of a motor compartment, and also to parts of the body, hidden under an upholstery. A basic element at care of a body is its sink. Before a wash of the car soak insects and remove from a body surface. Plentifully use water. Use a soft sponge or a soft brush. It is impossible to wash a varnish covering with a stream with a strong pressure. Pour over the car from a hose and dirt wash away from top to down. Often rinse a sponge. Wipe the car pure rags. Apply only good fat-free washing substances. For the purpose of protection in water for a sink add washing preservatives. It is forbidden to wash and dry the car on the sun, otherwise on a varnish surface there are spots. Salt with which strew roads, has harmful effects on a car body.


Prevention

After a wash of the car because of humidity efficiency of action of brakes decreases. It is recommended to dry brake disks in short-term pressing a brake pedal in a start of motion.


Preservation

Purely washed up and dried-up varnish covering is necessary for processing every 3 month preserving means to protect a car surface from atmospheric influences by creation of a besporisty water-repellent wax layer.

The flowed-out fuel, oil or greasing, and also brake liquid at once to remove, color of a varnish covering differently will change.

Processing of a surface is necessary for repeating, if water does not gather to drops, and spreads on a surface. Regular processing by preserving means promotes long preservation of shine of a varnish covering.

There is also other possibility of protection of varnish coverings – by means of washing preservatives. However washing preservatives provide reliable protection of varnish coverings only in case are used at each wash of the car and not less than in 2–3 weeks.

After use of washing (foam) means additional processing of a surface by preservatives especially is recommended.


Prevention

Preservation cannot be made on the open sun.


Polishing

Polishing of a varnish surface is necessary only in case it faded owing to insufficient leaving, influence of the dust, harmful gases, weather conditions, and preserving means cannot restore its shine.

It is not necessary to apply rough polishing pastes and chemically active polishing means, despite previously good results.

Before polishing the car is necessary for washing up and carefully to dry up. Further to adhere to the instruction on use of polishing means.

Polishing to make small sites in order to avoid premature drying of polish. After surface processing by some polishing means it is necessary to make additional preservation. It is forbidden to polish on the open sun. Opaque varnish surfaces cannot be processed preserving and polishing means.

Removal of spots of pitch

Pitch quickly диффундирует in varnish coverings and to remove it completely already it is impossible. It is possible to remove fresh spots of pitch with the soft rag moistened in flushing gasoline. In case of emergency it is possible to use usual gasoline, kerosene or turpentine.

Removal of insects

Insects contain substances which can damage a varnish film if them quickly not to remove. Insects can be washed away only weak slightly warm soap or washing solution or by means of special means for removal of insects.

Removal of construction solutions

Splashes of construction materials are washed away by slightly warm solution of neutral detergents. Strongly not to rub, differently it is possible to scratch a varnish covering. Then carefully to rinse with pure water.

Care of details from artificial materials

Plastic details, sitting from an imitation leather, a headlight, and also the details painted in opaque by black color, it is possible to wash with water with addition of special detergents. It is not recommended to wet. Plastic details can be processed if necessary special cleaners. Not to use at all nitrosolvent or gasoline.

Sink of glasses

Glasses to wipe a pure soft rag from the internal and outer side. At strong pollution it is possible to use alcohol or liquid ammonia and warm water, and also special means for purification of glasses. At a windscreen sink screen wipers to lift up.


Prevention

When using silikonosoderzhashchy means for cleaning of varnish coverings it is impossible to wipe them glasses. At dispersion of silikonosoderzhashchy aerosols of glass it is necessary to close a cardboard or other materials.


Care of rubber consolidations

Condensing or sliding surfaces periodically to strew with talc or to spray silicone аэрозолью. It will keep their elasticity and will exclude a scratch when closing doors. To eliminate unpleasant sounds it is possible, having wiped adjoining surfaces liquid soap.

Disks of wheels

Disks of wheels from light metals demand leaving, especially in a cold season. For this purpose it is possible to use special means for cleaning of disks. Not to apply active, kislotosoderzhashchy, silnoshchelochny and rough cleaners or water with temperature from above + 60 ° Page.

Seat belts

It is necessary to wash seat belts with weak alkaline solution, without removing them. Not to subject them to dry cleaning which can cause destruction of fibers. Belts with automatic winding to braid in the dried-up condition, if necessary to use special an aerosol for the best sliding. It is not recommended to dry belts at temperature over 80 ° With and on the open sun.