Opel Vectra B

since 1995 of release

Repair and car operation



Vektr B. Opel
+ 1.1. Governing bodies and control devices
+ 2. Maintenance
- 3. Engines
   + 3.1. Repair of the SOCH engine established in the car
   + 3.2. Repair of the DOCH engine established in the car
   + 3.3. Repair of the diesel engine of 1,7 l established in the car
   - 3.4. Repair of the diesel engine of 2,0 l established in the car
      3.4.1. Introduction
      3.4.2. Technical characteristics
      3.4.3. Check of pressure of compression
      3.4.4. Top dead point (VMT) of the piston of the first cylinder
      3.4.5. Check and adjustment of the mechanism of a gazoraspredeleniye
      3.4.6. Cover of a head of the block of cylinders
      3.4.7. Pulley of a cranked shaft
      3.4.8. Chain cover
      3.4.9. Natyazhiteli of a chain
      3.4.10. Chains and asterisks
      3.4.11. Camshafts and pushers
      3.4.12. Head of the block of cylinders
      3.4.13. Oil pallet
      3.4.14. Oil pump
      3.4.15. Oil radiator
      3.4.16. Replacement of sealing rings of a cranked shaft
      3.4.17. Flywheel
      3.4.18. Suspension brackets of the power unit
   + 3.5. Major maintenance of engines
+ 4. Heating, ventilation
+ 5. Fuel system
+ 6. Systems of start, ignition
+ 7. Transmission
+ 8. Brake system
+ 9. Running gear
+ 10. Body
+ 11. Electric equipment
+ 12. Main malfunctions





3.4.4. Top dead point (VMT) of the piston of the first cylinder

GENERAL INFORMATION

The top dead point of the piston is a point through which passes each piston at a provorachivaniye of a cranked shaft. Each piston reaches situation VMT at the end of a compression step, and then again at the end of an exhaust step. For the purpose of installation of the mechanism of a gozoraspredeleniye of the engine VMT of the piston of the first cylinder in a compression step is used. The N1 cylinder is from a gear belt. The cranked shaft of the engine rotates clockwise if to look on the right side of the car.

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. Remove a weight wire from the accumulator. For improvement of access to a pulley of a cranked shaft tighten the hand brake, lift a forward part of the car and fix on supports.
2. To check an arrangement of cams of a camshaft, uncover heads of the block of cylinders or remove the vacuum pump of brakes, thus an opening for installation of the mechanism of a gazoraspredeleniye it will be visible on distributive to a shaft.
3. Turn the engine a wrench for a pulley of a cranked shaft before combination of an adjusting label on a pulley of a cranked shaft with the index. Thus pistons of the first and fourth cylinders become in the top dead points.
4. To define, what piston is in a compression step, check the provision of cams of a camshaft. If the piston of the first cylinder is in a compression step, cams of the first cylinder of a camshaft (are specified by shooters a photo at the left) will be directed up and the opening of installation of the mechanism of a gazoraspredeleniye (it is specified by an arrow a photo on the right) on the left side of a camshaft will be in the top situation. If cams of the first cylinder of a camshaft are directed down, turn a cranked shaft of the engine on 360 °.
5. Remove the sensor of provision of a cranked shaft from the block of cylinders of the engine.
6. For fixing of a cranked shaft in situation when the piston of the first cylinder is in the top dead point in a compression step, establish a pin through an opening of the sensor of a cranked shaft on a forward part of the block of cylinders.